STATURE AS ELEMENTARY DATA IN FORENSIC SCIENCE: A STANDARD FOR STATURE ESTIMATION IN BRAZIL

It is well known that there are no Brazilian standards for stature estimates. While national researches on Forensic Anthropology about sex, age and weight progressed, surveys on stature did not. Based on the idea that stature is an essential piece of information in Forensic Anthropology we also know that tables and regression formula used in human bone investigation in Brazil are elaborated abroad, based on defined racial standards in which, besides sex, race is emphasized. Therefore, they do not meet the racial mixture present in Brazil. In this present research, a series of studies about statures was undertaken aiming to establish a national standard. A sample of 216 corpses were evaluated, of which 116 male and 100 female. We chose to work with corpses, due to fact that it was possible to establish the stature previously and thus, to determine the correlation with measurements of long bones and therefore, with a bigger possibility of establishing the relation between long bones and stature. The bones measured were the humarus, the radius, femur and tibia because they play an effective part in the stature, from the anatomic point of view. The sample was submitted to statistical analysis through linear correlation calculation, linear regression and the establishment of confidence intervals, to estimate the statures. Thus, regression formulas were obtained, with national standards which when properly applied will help Brazilian experts in the estimates whenever necessary. Finaly, we observed that deeper studies on other variables of this theme, such as biotypes prove to be necessary.

Keywords: Stature estimates, forensic anthropology, legal medicine

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