APPLICATION OF POST MORTEM HUMAN IDENTIFICATION METHODS, IN THE LMI ESTÁCIO DE LIMA, IN THE PERIOD OF JANUARY 2011 TO DECEMBER 2015

Ana Paula Cavalcante Carneiro (1)

Lara de Menezes Andrade (2)

Felipe José de Oliveira Fraga (2)

Maria Luisa Duarte (2)

(1) Instituto Médico Legal Estácio de Lima, Maceió-AL, Brasil.
(2) Universidade Estadual de Ciências da Saúde de Alagoas, Maceió-AL, Brasil.
laradma@hotmail.com

ABSTRACT

Identity is the set of physical, functional and psychic characters, pathological or not, which give the individual unique characteristics. It is a group of attributes that makes someone or something unlike any other. Human Identification is based on the use of special techniques to determine one’s identity. The methods of identification are classified in primary (Necropapiloscopy, DNA Analysis and Legal Dentistry) and secondary (facial recognition, clothes, prostheses and others), which can be used in combination or separately. This process has great value for the dynamics of a medical-legal service, since the arrival of unidentified corpses, often putrefied, mutilated, charred or skeletonized, is usual. This article aims to quantify and compare the main methods of post mortem identification according to epidemiological and structural variables, identifying techniques, costs and difficulties. This is a cross-sectional observational study, carried out at the IML Estácio de Lima – Maceió / AL, over a period of five years. Information on the records of corpses that entered the service as “unidentified” was used in the mentioned period. A total of 1,346 records were evaluated, representing 980 bodies released by means of recognition, 67 identified by primary means of identification and 299 remaining unidentified. A lower than expected use of scientific methods was observed, mostly due to technical difficulties in applying the method or cost considerations. There is a greater need for investment in the service and standardization of ante-mortem data that may assist in the identification process.

Keywords: Forensic medicine, forensic anthropology, victim identification, post mortem identification, forensic dentistry, DNA fingerprinting.

Please click here for the full article in portuguese.