Jessyca Montenegro Matthews de Lyra (1)
Alzeane de Araújo Lucena (1)
Maria Luísa Duarte (1)
(1) Universidade Estadual de Ciências da Saúde de Alagoas, Maceió-AL, Brasil.
Land traffic accidents are a public health problem, since they decimate economically active individuals, disorganize families and bring high costs to Brazil. The objective of this study is to determine the epidemiological profile of the fatal victims of traffic accidents in Alagoas from January 2011 to December 2015. The study was observational, descriptive and analytical and the information was collected in the records of cadavers from the archive of the Legal Medical Institute Estácio de Lima from Maceió, during the period described. Of the 1.917 cadaveric records analyzed, 83% were male, in the 20-29 age range. In the universe surveyed, victims with no higher education were a majority (85%). The most frequent deaths were of unmarried individuals (58%) and of brown complexion (74%). Prevalence of fatal accidents happened on municipal highways (46%), highlighting occurrences from Friday to Sunday (54%), from 18:01 to 00:00 (39%). Motorcycles (47%) and automobiles (26%) were the main means of transportation and the main type of accident was collision (42%). On the public roads, there were more deaths (54%), with Maceió at the top of the claims (34.8%). The main cause of death was polytrauma (30%). The results are similar to those of other surveys carried out in our country with the same objective. This study goes against the precariousness of sources on this subject in the state of Alagoas, and enables this data to be used in government policies that bring improvements to the population in the future.
Keywords: Accidents of transit, Accidents of transport, Mortality, Legal medicine.
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