submitted April 28th 2019 accepted May 10th 2019
Cinthia Emy Endo Amemiya (1)
Luan Salguero de Aguiar (1)
Carmen Silvia Molleis Galego Miziara (2)
Mário Ivo Serinolli (3)
Ivan Dieb Miziara (4)
(1) Aluna de graduação médica da Faculdade de Medicina do ABC – São Paulo – Brasil
(2) Professora auxiliar da disciplina de Medicina Legal e Perícia Médica, Bioética e Deontologia Médica da Faculdade de Medicina do ABC – São Paulo – Brasil
(3) Professor da disciplina de Bioética na Universidade Nove de Julho – São Paulo – Brasil
(4) Professor titular da disciplina de Medicina Legal e Perícia Médica, Bioética e Deontologia Médica da Faculdade de Medicina do ABC – São Paulo – Brasil
Introduction: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health problem of epidemic proportions. IPV involves psychosocial disorders that have a negative impact on victims’ mental health. Objective: To describe the impacts of IPV on women’s mental health, comparing the results with a control group. Methods: Cross sectional descriptive study. Validated questionnaires were used to study and control group. They evaluate common mental health, type of violence, and sociodemographic characteristics. Results: No difference between the groups: age (p=0.051); self-declared skin color (p=0.316); years of education (p=0.212); and abortion (p=0.096). With differences: socioeconomic classification (p<0,001); pregnancy (p=0.0013); childbirth (p=0.004), children (p=0.0009), dependents (p=0.0372). Skin color was not a risk factor for IPV (p=0.296) but it was to common mental health (p=0.016). Non-white has 4.25 greater chances to develop common mental health; psychological violence is most frequent (100%), isolated (27.9%) or associated with other types of violence. IPV increases 12.64 times the chance of mental disorder Discussion: IPV predisposes to mental illness with serious consequences. Psychological abuse, the most common type of violence that aims to maintain control over the victim and the physical abuse, used to humiliate and to cause suffer, were the most cited types of violence. Conclusion: IPV is associated with higher rates of common mental health. Non-white skin color was not a risk factor for IPV, but for the development of common mental health.
Keywords: intimate partner violence, domestic violence, mental disorders.