FEMICIDE FOLLOWED BY THE PERPETRATOR’S SUICIDE: ANALYSIS OF NECROPSIES PERFORMED BETWEEN 2010-2016 IN SOUTHERN BRAZIL

Como citar: Rios AMFM, Telles LEB, Magalhães PVS, Crespo KC, Martini M, Rios VM. Femicide followed by the perpetrator's suicide: analysis of necropsies performed between 2010-2016 in southern Brazil. Persp Med Legal Pericia Med. 2019; 4(3).

https://dx.doi.org/10.47005/040302

submitted Sept. 9th 2019   accepted Sept. 27th 2019

Angelita Maria Ferreira Machado Rios (1)

URL ORCID 0000-0001-8363-4532

Lisieux Elaine Borba Telles (2)

URL ORCID 0000-0003-4105-5924

Pedro Vieira Da Silva Magalhães (2)

URL ORCID 0000-0002-5644-6357

Kleber Cardoso  Crespo (1)

URL ORCID 0000-0002-2389-3708

Murilo Martini (2)

URL ORCID 0000-0002-3720-4045

Vanessa machado Rios(3)

URL ORCID 0000-0002-2123-3677

⁽¹⁾ Departamento Médico-Legal/Instituto Geral de Perícias/RS, Porto Alegre-RS, Brasil
⁽²⁾ Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul – PPG Psiquiatria e Ciências do Comportamento/Hospital de
Clínicas de Porto Alegre – Porto Alegre-RS, Brasil
⁽³⁾Pontifícia universidade Católica de Porto Alegre – Porto Alegre-RS, Brasil
E-mail: angelita-rios@igp.rs.gov.br

ABSTRACT

The phenomenon of femicide followed by the perpetrator’s suicide represents about one third of deaths caused by intimate partners and has a strong impact and misunderstanding on society. The aim of the study was to describe the characteristics of homicides followed by suicide of the perpetrator in the Porto Alegre morgue between 2010 and 2016. Sociodemographic, criminal, and forensic variables of the victims and perpetrators were analyzed. A cross-sectional study was conducted with retrospective data collection and analysis of 28 autopsy reports of female homicide victims and 22 aggressors who committed suicide. Six aggressors made suicide attempts. The predominant age group of female victims was between 30 and 34 years old and of the aggressors was 35 to 39 years old. The most frequent place of death was the victim’s residence and, in 64.2% of the cases, the aggressor was the current partner. In 82.1% of cases, women had a previous history of violence. Firearms accounted for 71.4% of female deaths and 86.3% of aggressors’ deaths. Alcohol and psychotropic substances in the victims’ blood and urine were found in 10.7% and 7.1% respectively. In Brazil, homicide-suicide is not usually studied as a single statistical phenomenon and many data remain scattered between homicides and isolated suicides. In counteracting this phenomenon of extreme violence there is the need to implement preventive actions that broadly address the issue of domestic violence among all segments of society.

Keywords: homicide, suicide, homicide-suicide, femicide, gender-violence