submitted July 29th 2020, accepted July 31st 2020
Aléxia Alves de Carvalho (1)
Ana Paula Cavalcante Carneiro (2)
Maria Luisa Duarte (3)
(1) Universidade Estadual de Ciências da Saúde de Alagoas – UNCISAL, Maceió – AL, Brasil.
(2) IML Estácio de Lima, Maceió – AL, Brasil.
(3) Universidade Estadual de Ciências da Saúde de Alagoas-UNCISAL, Maceió – AL, Brasil.
Children and adolescent population in Brazil suffers from high levels of violence, with rape being one of the most frequent attacks. This research analyzed the reports of medical expert examinations of criminal sexology performed on children and adolescents (0 to 18 years old incomplete), at the Medical-Legal Institute (IML) Estácio de Lima, throughout 2016. The method used was an epidemiological, observational, descriptive, retrospective and analytical study. 484 reports were analyzed. Of these, 439 were performed on children and adolescents. In 143 of the 439 exams, sexual offense was confirmed in 13 male and 130 female victims, being predominant in the age group of 12 to 14 years, with 50.3% of cases. According to information obtained in the history of the reports, people known to the victim were most frequently pointed out by them or by those responsible for them as perpetrators of the crime, totaling 24,5% of cases. Considering the results obtained in this research, it is essential to establish measures for the prevention, protection and guidance of children and adolescents in relation to sexual crimes. Such measures must be instituted early, due to the fact that sexual abuse also occurs in the first years of life. And, unfortunately, members of the family or their social life are the main authors of the violence.
Keywords: sexual violence, rape, child abuse, children, adolescents.