NOTIFICATION OF SUICIDE ATTEMPTS BY EXOGENOUS INTOXICATION AMONG ADOLESCENTS LIVING IN THE CITY OF SÃO PAULO
submitted July 14th 2020, accepted Aug. 13th 2020
Danyelle Célli Bedendo Marco (1)
Lattes http://lattes.cnpq.br/8382307233034589 e ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5906-467X
Adriana Natucci Hette (1)
Lattes http://lattes.cnpq.br/5252661820775019 e ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0859-3256
Lucila Lopes do Nascimento (1)
Lattes http://lattes.cnpq.br/5884430172204552 e ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0574-8435
Cintia Leci Rodrigues (2)
Lattes http://lattes.cnpq.br/9318948270153448 e ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8064-2203
(1) Centro Universitário das Américas, Faculdade de medicina, São Paulo-SP, Brasil.
(2) Universidade de Santo Amaro, Faculdade de medicina, departamento de saúde da mulher e saúde pública, São Paulo-SP,Brasil.
Suicide and suicide attempts among young people are a public health problem. This article discusses suicide attempts among adolescents (between 10 and 19 years old) living in the city of São Paulo from January to December 2014. In addition to the risk factors for youth suicide, the epidemiological characteristics of the analyzed group and the profile of the notifications are also exposed. Furthermore, some of the main intoxicating agents in attempted suicides were summarized. Through a systematic literature review, based on national studies on the topic, using the SINAN – Notifiable Diseases Information System as a basis, it was possible to identify a more recurrent profile based on individuals’ gender and conclude that in cases of exogenous intoxication there is predominance of females over males, due to the fact that women make greater use of medications. The predominant age of suicide attempts was 15 to 19 years, possibly due to easy access to alcoholic beverages, drugs of abuse and medication, with this age group being equally predominant among both genders. Valuing and investing in epidemiological data collection and notification systems, as well as knowing the profile of adolescents involved in suicide attempts and the main exogenous pathways used, are an important beginning for planning prevention strategies and government investment in health programs and guidance in order to reduce the incidence of cases and to help develop mental health care for young people.
Keywords: suicide, adolescents, intoxication, notification.