Issues

EXPERT EVALUATION IN HEALTH CARE DAMAGES: “MEDICAL ERROR”


Damages associated with health care commonly known as “medical error” are the object of concern and study worldwide, being identified by the increase in hospital stay, the occurrence of temporary or permanent damage, and may even lead to death of the patient. The present analysis aims to standardize the concepts and methods used in the expert assessment.

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FEMICIDE FOLLOWED BY THE PERPETRATOR’S SUICIDE: ANALYSIS OF NECROPSIES PERFORMED BETWEEN 2010-2016 IN SOUTHERN BRAZIL


O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever as características dos homicídios seguidos de suicídio do agressor periciados no necrotério de Porto Alegre, entre 2010 e 2016.

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PATTERN OF ORAL–MAXILLOFACIAL INJURIES STEMMING FROM INTERPERSONAL PHYSICAL NON-FATAL VIOLENCE: DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SEXES


This article identifies main bucomaxillofacial injuries due to interpersonal physical violence and compares the results between the sexes through the analysis of odontolegal reports of victims of both sexes attended at the Legal Dentistry Center of IML in the city of São Paulo.

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SEXUAL CRIMES AGAINST CHILDREN: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY ON THE OPINION OF AUTHORITIES ABOUT EVIDENCE


The evaluation of sexual offenses against children and adolescents is complex due to the limitation of evidence. In this study, interviews were conducted with 18 participants, nine of them from the investigative stage (Police Officers) and nine from the procedural stage (five Prosecutors and four Judges of Law acting on the area of Children and Youth). The authorities expressed their views on the analysis of the following evidence: the word of the victim, physical traces, other evidences (witnesses, school reports, reports from health and psychosocial professionals) and the confession of the suspect.

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USE AND OBTENTION OF CADAVERS FOR ANATOMIC STUDIES: BIOETHICAL ASPECTS


The last decade has brought about a growing number of medical schools in the country, which results in an increase in the demand for cadavers for the study of Human Anatomy. This study aims to emphasize the importance of the study of anatomy with cadavers in the training of health professionals and demonstrate the difficulty of obtaining cadavers for teaching and research. This literature review counted the survey of works in the Scielo database, from 2006 to 2015; As well as the use of articles referring to the Personal Rights of the 2nd edition of the Brazilian Civil Code of 2008. The importance of the association of the classic methodology that uses cadaveric parts with innovative methods, such as artificial anatomical models and virtual dissection, is shown.

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DIVERGENT DECISIONS REACHED BY SOCIAL SECURITY MEDICAL EVALUATORS AND OCUPATIONAL EXPERT PHYSICIANS


Controversies are generated when the Social Security medical examiner and an occupational physician reach divergent conclusions regarding the ability of a worker to return to his duties, often causing serious damage to the worker. In such cases the employee seeks the judiciary to resolve the dispute involving medical issues and labor and social security laws.

We performed a retrospective analysis of 25 judicial evaluations in suits against the National Social Security Institute (INSS ) held in April 2010 in Santa Isabel Forum – São Paulo.

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EXPERT EVALUATION: AUXILLIARY ELEMENT IN THE FOUNDATION OF SPECIAL JUSTICE DECISIONS


The present study aims to diminish the inexistence of a referential regarding the expert testimony in the legal process in the one Special Justice metier, the JMU. The study is presented as a descriptive, transversal and documentary. Following the bioethical regulations a sample of 136 legal process were established that should contain expert testimony.

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APPROACHES OF LEGAL MEDICINE BY THE CULTURAL INDUSTRY


Legal Medicine and Forensics have been often depicted in literature and in the movie industry, usually through an approach that has little resemblance to the actual practice of these fields of expertise or to the resources available in reality. This article aims to investigate these approaches, identifying stereotypes created by the media and their impact in public perception.

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Ivan dieb miziara

Carta do Presidente

Vol. 4 n. 1, fev. 2019

A oitava edição da revista Perspectivas, orgão oficial da Associação Brasileira de Medicina Legal e […]

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Carta do Editor

Vol. 4 n. 1, fev. 2019

Perspectivas completa sua oitava edição e, assim, damos sequência aos projetos de divulgação científica da […]

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A VIOLÊNCIA DOMÉSTICA E SUAS VARIÁVEIS NOS CASOS ATENDIDOS NO INSTITUTO MÉDICO LEGAL DA REGIÃO DO ALTO VALE DO ITAJAÍ/SC

Vol. 4 n. 1, fev. 2019

Esta pesquisa apresenta um estudo que teve como objetivo geral conhecer as variáveis associadas à violência doméstica nos casos atendidos no IML do Alto Vale do Itajaí desde janeiro de 2016 a dezembro 2017.

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APRESENTAÇÃO DE UM MODELO DE CHEKLIST PARA ORIENTAÇÃO NA COLETA DE DADOS NAS NECRÓPSIAS FORENSES

Vol. 4 n. 1, fev. 2019

O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar um modelo de formulário, básico e prático, para facilitar a coleta de dados durante necropsias forense, no intuito de facilitar a confecção do relatório final e a padronização dos Laudos Tanatoscópicos no Departamento de Medicina Legal do Estado de Rondônia, Brasil.

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