Literature review

APPROACHES OF LEGAL MEDICINE BY THE CULTURAL INDUSTRY


Legal Medicine and Forensics have been often depicted in literature and in the movie industry, usually through an approach that has little resemblance to the actual practice of these fields of expertise or to the resources available in reality. This article aims to investigate these approaches, identifying stereotypes created by the media and their impact in public perception.

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AVALIAÇÃO PERICIAL NAS DEMANDAS JUDICIAIS DO SEGURO DE DPVAT


Neste artigo os autores destacam a importância do Médico Perito Especialista em Medicina Legal e Perícias Médicas ter conhecimento em Seguro DPVAT.

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EXPERTISE CRITERIA FOR THE BENEFIT OF CONTINUED PROVISION OF THE ORGANIC LAW OF SOCIAL ASSISTANCE (LOAS)


Through a review of existing literature, the authors propose standard criteria to be followed by medical and social experts upon evaluation of disability claims, under the context of social benefits covered by the Organic Law of Social Assistance (LOAS).

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COMPLEMENTARY EXAMS FOR DETERMINING THE TIME OF DEATH IN LEGAL MEDICINE


This study aims to present and analyze complementary examinations to establish the time of death, which are divided into several types according to the range of techniques used to reach the same goals.

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Anatomia da região cervical

ASPHYXIA BY NECK CONSTRICTION: REVISED MECHANISMS


In view of the controversies about the temporality of the mechanisms of death in cases of cervical constriction – hanging, strangulation and garroting – research is needed in order to reach a better understanding of the nature of the trauma(s) involved. The general objective of this article is to demonstrate the real mechanism of death by cervical constriction. Secondly, as specific objectives, the understanding about the legal importance of the time spent in these events would be reached, and it would allow to better quantify the suffering of such victims.

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BRIEF CONSIDERATIONS ON PSYCHOSOCIAL ASPECTS OF SUICIDE


The author makes brief psychosocial considerations about suicide by drawing attention primarily to its frighteningly increasing numbers and by referencing to various theories that explain the suicidal act, its causes and consequences.

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MEDICAL EXPERTISE EVALUATION IN LAWSUIT OF GENDER DYSPHORIA, TRANSSEXUALISM AND TRANSVETISM


In the last decades, with the breakdown of preexisting sociocultural paradigms and concepts, and with the maturation of society, gender identity is no longer seen in the binary form of masculine and feminine, but within a spectrum. The objective of this study is to determine the medical-expert technical criteria for judicial proceedings in cases of gender dysphoria, transsexualism and transvestitism. A non-systematic search was conducted in the Medline, Pubmed and Lilacs databases from 2000 to 2016, and a review of Legal Medicine books and current Brazilian legislation related to the subject.

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