Original Article

COMMON MENTAL DISORDER IN WOMEN VICTIM OF INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE

How to cite: Amemiya CEE, Aguiar LS, Miziara CSMG, Serinolli MI, Miziara ID. Transtorno Mental Comum Não Psicótico em Mulheres Vítimas de Violência por Parceiro Íntimo. Persp Med Legal Perícia Med. 2019; 4(2)

https://dx.doi.org/10.47005/040202

Submitted 04/28/2019
Accepted 05/10/2019

Research project approved by Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (FMUSP) ethical comitee, under revision nº 1937994.

The authors declares that there is no conflict of interest.

TRANSTORNO MENTAL COMUM NÃO PSICÓTICO EM MULHERES VÍTIMAS DE VIOLÊNCIA POR PARCEIRO ÍNTIMO

Cinthia Emy Endo Amemiya (1)

Lattes: http://lattes.cnpq.br/0486184208028212– ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0841-7794

Luan Salguero de Aguiar (1)

lattes:  http://lattes.cnpq.br/4780070112183042– ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2676-8494

Carmen Silvia Molleis Galego Miziara (1)

Lattes: http://lattes.cnpq.br/6916238042273197– ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4266-0117

Mário Ivo Serinolli (2)

Lattes:  http://lattes.cnpq.br/0403872913808157– ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2137-7814

Ivan Dieb Miziara (1)

Lattes: http://lattes.cnpq.br/3120760745952876– ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7180-8873

(1) Faculdade de Medicina do ABC, São Paulo,
Brasil. (Main Author)

(2) Universidade Nove de Julho, São Paulo, Brasil.
(Main Author)

E-mail: cinthia.ea@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health problem of epidemic proportions. IPV involves psychosocial disorders that have a negative impact on victims’ mental health. Objective: To describe the impacts of IPV on women’s mental health, comparing the results with a control group. Methods: Cross sectional descriptive study. Validated questionnaires were used to study and control group. They evaluate common mental health, type of violence, and sociodemographic characteristics. Results: No difference between the groups: age (p=0.051); self-declared skin color (p=0.316); years of education (p=0.212); and abortion (p=0.096). With differences: socioeconomic classification (p<0,001); pregnancy (p=0.0013); childbirth (p=0.004), children (p=0.0009), dependents (p=0.0372). Skin color was not a risk factor for IPV (p=0.296) but it was to common mental health (p=0.016). Non-white has 4.25 greater chances to develop common mental health; psychological violence is most frequent (100%), isolated (27.9%) or associated with other types of violence. IPV increases 12.64 times the chance of mental disorder Discussion: IPV predisposes to mental illness with serious consequences. Psychological abuse, the most common type of violence that aims to maintain control over the victim and the physical abuse, used to humiliate and to cause suffer, were the most cited types of violence. Conclusion: IPV is associated with higher rates of common mental health. Non-white skin color was not a risk factor for IPV, but for the development of common mental health.

Keywords: intimate partner violence, domestic violence, mental disorders.


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